For dogs, fish is a very useful product. It contains a large number of substances necessary for animals. Sea fish contains vitamins A, D, E, easily digestible proteins, iodine, phosphorus, as well as a significant amount of other beneficial microelements and amino acids. Animal consumption has a positive effect on wool and skin, and also helps control weight and strengthens joints. This is what contributed to the fact that manufacturers of dry food have in their assortment of rations with sea fish.
It is important to know which fish will benefit the dog, and which will harm its health. Dog owners should also consider the recommendations of veterinarians regarding how often fish are consumed.
River fish should be completely excluded from the diet of the dog, as it in most cases contains the larvae of worms, which will later multiply in the animal's body. If there are no other options, then before giving the dog fish caught from the river, it must be boiled for a long time in boiling water. Experts recommend cooking seafood for at least half an hour. It is worth remembering that long-term heat treatment makes the bones softer, dangerous enzymes and helminths die, but not all useful substances are preserved.
A whole fish carcass is better not to give the animal, especially if the animal is small in size.
What can provoke fish bones:
- scratches in the throat;
- stomach blockage;
- rupture of the digestive tract.
The best option would be fillet or minced fish. Canned fish contain a huge amount of salt, carcinogens and additives that will cause great harm to the dog, so they should not be given at all.
The best will be to feed a pet with a low-fat sea and ocean fish, in which there are practically no bones. These fish include:
- sea carp;
- saber fish;
- water meter;
- sea burbot;
- sea bass.
Quite often, well-known varieties of fish are included in the pet's diet. It:
- pink salmon;
Dangerous varieties of fish
There is a fish that carries a potential danger to the dog’s body, so it’s not at all worth giving up. It consists in substances that are contained in the body of the fish, without causing harm to it.
Varieties of fish containing trimethylamine oxide:
- blue whiting and skinny herring caught in winter;
When feeding such fish raw, iron deficiency anemia will develop.
Varieties of fish containing histamine:
The use of this product will lead to poisoning of the body.
Varieties of fish containing thiamizan:
- Baltic herring;
- crucian carp;
This element, when ingested, destroys vitamin B1.
These varieties can be given in food after heat treatment, because the enzyme thiaminase is afraid of high temperatures.
Poisonous fish varieties:
- chetyrekhzyubye fish;
- the Ottomans;
- Balkhash marinka.
Such a fish can not be a pet in any form. Also provoke intoxication can:
- spiky catfish;
- moray eel;
- river perch;
- sea urchin;
- sea goby;
- sea Dragon;
- sea cow;
- prickly shark.
Eating raw yellowfin and white-bellied flounder and gobies can cause vomiting in an animal.
Recommendations for feeding fish
This product is given to a pet only once a week, because it contains an enzyme that destroys the structure of the vitamin B group. As a result, the dog may have convulsions and an animal will lose appetite.
During heat treatment, this enzyme is destroyed. Thanks to this, boiled fish can be safely given to a dog about three times a week. It will serve as a substitute for meat feeding.
Small dogs should be given only finely chopped and completely boned fish or minced fish.
Dogs of all ages that previously lacked seafood in their diets should be given a novelty gradually, adding to the main food in small quantities and carefully monitoring the body's response.
It happens that dogs do not want to eat fish, in such a situation it is not necessary to insist, but it is better to add fish oil or flour as a top dressing. After eating fish, animals may experience allergies and diarrhea, therefore, teaching the dog to seafood, it is necessary to control the body's response to food.
What else with seafood can dogs
Not all dogs have a positive attitude towards seafood, some prefer only certain fish, others with great pleasure eat delicacies. Raw seafood can cause diarrhea, so they should be given only after heat treatment. If the pet does not have an allergic reaction to crabs, then a natural boiled product can be given in a small amount.
Crab sticks are under a categorical ban, because they do not even have a hint of crab meat. Ideally, crab sticks are made from white fish, but most of them are based on soy, starch, flavorings, dyes and preservatives that are harmful to dogs.
Due to the high content of cholesterol and sodium, it is forbidden to feed the dogs with lobsters (lobsters). The systematic use of pet lobsters by a pet will lead to kidney diseases, and a single use in large quantities will provoke intoxication, the consequences of which can be coma and death.
Of all the mollusks and crustaceans, shrimps are the leaders in cholesterol content.