The sofa attracts not only the husband with a bottle of beer in his hands, but also particles of dust. They accumulate on the cover and in the filler, changing the color of the furniture and creating ideal conditions for the reproduction of microscopic mites and various bacteria. To protect loved ones from dermatological problems and diseases of the respiratory organs, which are caused by dirt and germs, it is necessary to clean and disinfect the sofa every month with improvised means.
You can fight dust deposits with a vacuum cleaner. Some modern models are equipped with the function of wet cleaning and fall into the category "Washing". In such devices, in addition to the dust collector, a department for soapy water is integrated. The vacuum cleaner sprays the liquid on the cover of the sofa and into the inside of the filler, dissolving dirt, and then sucks it back along with bacteria and mites. The disadvantage of the method is that the furniture remains wet and dries for a long time, spreading unpleasant odors.
The second option is a regular vacuum cleaner with a special thin nozzle. The device is recommended to turn on the minimum mode, so that the filler does not lump in lumps. The small brush even penetrates the gap between the armrests and the seat, cleaning the furniture from dust and hair. The nozzle should be wrapped with gauze dipped in saline: 30 g of dry ingredient per liter of liquid. Wet cloth retains dirt particles, preventing them from rising into the air.
If the house does not have a vacuum cleaner, you can clean the sofa with your hands or with a plastic beater for carpet. You will need a large sheet, which is dipped in a basin or bath with water. You can add a little conditioner for laundry, so that the upholstered furniture gives off a pleasant aroma after cleaning. Squeeze the fabric with your hands or in a washing machine so that it remains slightly damp. Cover the sofa with a sheet and walk on it with a whisk. Impacts must be strong so that the dust rises from the deep layers of the filler. Emboss the sofa until the shade of the sheet turns grayish or black, depending on the amount of dirt.
Send the sheet immediately to the washing machine, so that later you don’t have to look for ways to whiten the cloth, and wipe upholstered furniture with napkins or kitchen towels. Dry the case with a hairdryer or fan, and in summer it is enough to open the windows and the remaining moisture will evaporate from the sofa in a matter of hours.
Important: The sheet method does not work with leather or a substitute, only with fabric upholstery. To consolidate the effect of such a cleaning, it is recommended to walk on the sofa with a vacuum cleaner.
Home remedies for stains
Did someone spill coffee or a glass of red wine on the sofa? Overturned a plate of soup or a piece of roasted meat? It is necessary not to panic, but to act:
- Wet the liquid with paper towels so that it does not soak into the filler.
- For fatty stains pour a thick layer of salt or baking soda, which absorbs pollution.
- Do not let the stain dry, postponing cleaning for an indefinite "tomorrow."
The choice of cleaning agent depends on the type of pollution and the material of which the sofa cover is made. It is important to take into account the color of upholstered furniture, as well as to test any popular mix on the back wall, because some compositions leave stains and discolor the fabric, creating additional problems.
Coffee and fruit juice
Coffee stains, like tea, can be derived by several methods:
- preparing a soap solution of 3 drops of detergent and 2 tablespoons of vinegar, diluted in a liter of warm water;
- salt: dissolve 1-2 tablespoons in a glass of liquid;
- household or liquid soap.
The second and third options work with fresh dirt, and the first splits stubborn stains, but it can discolor dark tissue.
You will need a sponge for washing dishes or a soft brush. To process a problem site of a sofa with a solution or to moisten with water and to rub with soap. Leave on for 5-10 minutes so that the agent penetrates into the filler. Rub with a sponge and blot the rest of the solution with a clean cloth. Leave to dry out.
With stains left over from spilled juice, it will cope with ammonia and vinegar. Pour into a container of 30-40 ml of each ingredient, stir and apply with a sponge to the problem area. When the stain dries, wash off the remnants of vinegar and ammonia with warm water. If the divorces have not disappeared completely, you can repeat the procedure, but very carefully.
Important: It is necessary to work with a liquid ammonia mixture in rubber gloves, so as not to burn the skin, and a gauze bandage, because ammonia fumes can cause dizziness.
Chocolate, markers and chewing gum
When there are children in the house, mothers have to regularly scrub walls and upholstered furniture from art and chocolate residues, and some restless ones manage to drop or stick a gum on the sofa that instantly sticks to the pile and does not want to be torn off. How to save nerves and clean covers?
With chocolate copes detergent for dishes based on water. You need to wait until the stain dries, sweep away the remnants of the brush, and then treat the contaminated surface with soapy water.
Light sofas recommend rinsing several times so that there are no brown stains left. Work carefully with jacquard upholstery using a foam sponge for drying. Less moody fabrics can be blotted with paper towels.
The method saves from spilled cocoa and spots of jam or jam.
Ink marks left by a pen or felt-tip pens are recommended to be treated with solvents:
- nail polish remover;
- hair spray;
- spray for washing windows.
Apply some liquid to a cotton swab, gently blot the stain, being careful not to touch the clean areas, and leave to dry. After 30-40 minutes, walk through the problem area with a brush or a hard sponge dipped in plain water or soapy water. Remove residual liquid and dry the sofa.
Tip: Fresh traces of a pen or felt-tip pens left on a leatherette or genuine leather will remove a regular eraser. The main thing is not to overdo it and not to erase with the ink and the upholstery itself.
Chewing gum is one of the most serious challenges that patience and cold can cope with:
- Attach a few ice cubes to the stain. Wait until the chewing gum hardens.
- Arm with a blunt knife or an iron nail file, pry and peel the product.
- Remove leftovers with a dry cloth or soft brush. If necessary, wash the residue with cold water.
Urine and beer
The cat decided to take revenge and marked the sofa? Fluffy villain to punish, and urine stain process means of:
- potassium permanganate: per liter jar several crystals, so that the liquid becomes saturated pink;
- lemon juice: squeeze and not dilute;
- vinegar: part of a component into 4 parts of water;
- peroxide: 8 drops per 500 ml of liquid.
Apply the solution to the urine stain, rub and wash the residue with water. If the yellowing remains, repeat the procedure. You can act in a complex:
- Pour a thin layer of soda on the problem area.
- Prepare a solution of 100 ml of water, the same amount of peroxide and a few drops of detergent.
- Pour the liquid into the spray bottle and shake.
- Spray the solution on soda. Wait until she starts to foam.
- After 2-3 hours, wipe off the remains with a brush and dry with a towel.
If the stain is gone and the smell remains, it is recommended to put dried parsley or tea leaves, ground coffee beans, orange zest on the sofa or spray a few drops of any essential oil.
Beer stains treated with water and vinegar: 1 liter of the first 3 spoons of the second component.
Blood and fatTraces of fried meat or mayonnaise, sprinkle with soda, leave for an hour, so that the powder absorbs fatty stains. Sweep away the remnants of the sorbent, walk along the problem area with a cloth moistened with alcohol. Replace soda can starch or salt. Rub the soapy water into the dried traces of fat with a porous sponge, wait 15-20 minutes, wash off the solution and repeat the procedure several times.
You can fight with bloody divorces in several ways:
- Cool the stain with ice or water from the freezer, blot with a damp cloth.
- Crush some aspirin tablets, add some liquid to make a gruel. Rub the mass into the stain, blot with a sponge soaked in brine.
Traces of red wine removes salt, and white is better to remove with alcohol.
In the department of household chemicals you can find a lot of tools for cleaning the sofa, dealing with dust and stains, but home recipes are more affordable and safe. We must not forget that jacquard and tapestry fabric does not tolerate moisture well, and it is better to process leather substitute and natural leather not with soap solutions, but with whipped proteins. If the sofa even after hygienic procedures exudes an unpleasant smell, for a day it is necessary to fill it with salt and fragrance, and then the furniture will please the eye with cleanliness, and the nose - with a pleasant aroma.