Uterine bleeding is a long and abundant discharge of blood from the uterus. Uterine bleeding is a serious symptom that may indicate not only the presence of gynecological diseases. With this type of bleeding, it is very important to provide a woman with first aid in time and diagnose the true cause of bleeding.
Menstruation is considered normal uterine bleeding, which should occur cyclically, at approximately regular intervals. Usually these intervals are about 25-30 days. Menstrual flow should not last more than 6 days, otherwise it is considered a pathology. For any violation of the menstrual cycle, you must consult a doctor. An experienced specialist can suppress the development of the disease at the root, without waiting for its heyday, when the consequences are already irreversible.
Causes of uterine bleeding
Where does uterine bleeding come from and what is its cause, let's try to figure it out.
- One of the most common causes of uterine bleeding are various gynecological diseases. These include endometriosis, adenomas, fibroids, fibriomas, cyst ruptures, various uterine injuries, tumors of all kinds, and other diseases of the uterus and appendages.
- Often uterine bleeding is associated with abnormal pregnancy and childbirth. Blood is excreted in large quantities during ectopic pregnancy and various pathologies of the fetus. Uterine bleeding occurs with any injuries during labor, during placenta previa and its detachment, as well as with an incorrectly performed cesarean section. If parts of the fetus or placenta remain after an abortion in the uterus, this can lead to inflammation and bleeding.
- Uterine bleeding can be a consequence of non-gynecological diseases. These include hypertension, atherosclerosis, disruption of the thyroid gland, diseases associated with blood clotting. Uterine bleeding can also be caused by urethral prolapse.
- Some infectious diseases also cause uterine bleeding - measles, sepsis, typhoid fever, and flu.
- Diseases of an inflammatory nature - vaginitis, endometritis, erosion, cervicitis, endocervicosis can also cause heavy bleeding.
Symptoms of uterine bleeding
It is very important to find out if the bleeding is normal or pathological. If the volume of blood secreted has increased dramatically and hygiene products simply do not cope - this is a good reason for an immediate visit to the doctor. Normally, menstruation produces about 60-80 ml of blood. If you have to change the pads or tampons every half to two hours, then the bleeding is quite abundant.
If the bleeding lasts more than 6 days, it is also a deviation from the norm. Uterine bleeding after sex, several "menstruations" per month, bleeding after menopause, and thick and viscous discharge can be a symptom of a serious illness.
Due to bleeding, a woman may experience side effects - iron deficiency anemia, decreased hemoglobin, dizziness, fever, shortness of breath, pallor. Often the patient feels broken and weak, her appetite is lost.
First aid for uterine bleeding
Uterine bleeding is not a broken knee or a runny nose. In this case, self-medicating is very dangerous. If you or your loved one has uterine bleeding, you should immediately consult a doctor. If the condition of the patient does not allow to go to a medical facility, it is necessary to call an ambulance and give the patient first aid.
Not in any way!
- When uterine bleeding can not put a heating pad or other warming items on the stomach. This can speed up inflammatory processes.
- Do not douching the vagina - this can aggravate the bleeding.
- Do not take a bath, especially hot. And, also, you can not take any medication without a doctor.
While the ambulance is on the way, the patient needs to lie down and not make any sudden movements. Keep the patient in bed rest and complete rest. Under the feet you need to put a roller or pillow. Put something cold on the underbelly, such as ice from a freezer or frozen meat, pre-wrapped in cloth. This will narrow the blood vessels and reduce bleeding slightly. It is necessary to provide the patient with abundant drinking, because with blood the person loses a lot of fluid. Tea with sugar will replenish the glucose supply in the body, and rosehip decoction will increase blood clotting.
Types and treatment of uterine bleeding relative to the patient's age
- Bleeding from the uterus can be in a newborn girl in the first weeks of life. This is absolutely normal and due to the change of hormonal levels. Such bleeding does not require treatment.
- Uterine bleeding may begin before puberty (in the first 10 years of life). Such bleeding is associated with inflammation and swelling of the ovaries, which begin to produce increased amounts of hormones. Often this is taken for early puberty by the girl’s parents, but this is not the case. In this case, you should contact a specialist and be examined.
- Uterine hemorrhages that occur during puberty of a girl (12-15 years old) are called juvenile. But this is not menstruation, but bleeding - you need to be able to distinguish it. The cause of uterine bleeding at this age can be infections, viral diseases, frequent colds, physical activity, improper and unbalanced diet, nervous shocks. To treat such bleeding, it is important to identify the true cause of the imbalance.
- Most often uterine bleeding occurs in the reproductive age. During the period of puberty of a woman, uterine bleeding can be triggered by various causes. Bleeding can occur due to infections, as well as due to the intake of improperly taken oral contraceptives. Bleeding is a frequent consequence of abortion and miscarriage. During pregnancy, bleeding can open up from placenta prevailing, and a vesicle skid. Bleeding during the labor process is most dangerous, as a woman can lose a lot of blood. In the postpartum period, bleeding may open due to residues in the uterus of the placenta pieces.
- Uterine bleeding can occur during menopause, and this is quite a frequent occurrence. Bleeding at a later age may be due to hormonal adjustment, but sometimes it is a symptom of various tumors, including malignant tumors. Therefore, it is very important to consult a doctor in time - oncological diseases are perfectly treated in the early stages of development. This is especially true of the post-climacteric period, when the menses have completely stopped.
How to stop uterine bleeding with medication
Prescribe medications that can stop the bleeding, can only a doctor. We describe the main drugs that are used for heavy bleeding, and consider the principles of their action.
- Etamzilat or Ditsinon. These drugs have similar exposure principles. This medicine contributes to the development of thromboplastin and affects the permeability of blood vessels. This leads to an increase in blood clotting and significantly reduces bleeding. The drug is administered intramuscularly.
- Aminocaproic acid. This drug prevents spontaneous dissolution of blood clots, which contributes to a gradual decrease in the intensity of bleeding. To stop uterine bleeding medication can be used under the strict supervision of a physician. Aminocaproic acid is taken orally or intravenously.
- Oxytocin. It is a well-known hormonal medicine that is used during labor to stimulate uterine muscle contractions. Oxytocin is injected intravenously with glucose, and due to the contraction of muscle tone, the bleeding stops. However, the use of this medication should be followed by increased caution - it has many contraindications.
- Vikasol (vitamin K). A lack of vitamin K leads to poor blood clotting, so Vikasol is used to compensate for the lack of this vitamin. But this medicine is difficult to use in emergency measures to stop the bleeding, because the effect of taking the drug comes no earlier than 10 hours. Vikasol is often prescribed to people who are prone to heavy bleeding.
- Calcium gluconate. If the body lacks calcium, the vascular permeability increases, blood clotting worsens. Calcium gluconate is not an emergency measure to stop uterine bleeding, but it may well be used as a medicine to improve the condition of blood vessels.
Folk recipes to stop uterine bleeding
Home medicine prescriptions can be used as an additional measure to stop uterine bleeding. Many medicinal herbs have powerful anti-inflammatory and hemostatic properties. To prepare the broth, you need to take a few tablespoons of the plant, pour them into a jar, pour boiling water over it and tightly cover with a lid.
Grass can be taken fresh or dried. If you are brewing berries or bark, you need to use a thermos so that the broth stays hot longer. When the decoction is sufficiently infused, it should be drained and taken several times a day for half a glass. Here is a list of herbs and plants that can help with heavy uterine bleeding.
- Nettle leaves and stems;
- Bark of viburnum;
- Water pepper;
- Shepherd's purse;
- Highlander of Pochechuyny;
- Rhodiola rosea;
- The root of the thick sheet bergenia (tincture or liquid extract);
- Cucumber lash;
- Raspberry leaves
When uterine bleeding is recommended to drink rowan juice, diluted with mint tea. You also need to cook unripe oranges and eat them together with the peel. Unripe boiled orange has a pronounced astringent effect, which helps to stop uterine bleeding.
Prevention of uterine bleeding
Uterine bleeding is a serious symptom to which you must respond immediately. In order not to face such a problem as uterine bleeding, every six months you need to visit a gynecologist. Such preventive techniques at the doctor will help you find the disease in its very germ. After all, as you know, the treatment of any disease at an early stage of its development is most effective.
To improve the hormones, you need to improve the quality of your life. Eat right and balanced. Give preference to natural products - more vegetables and fruits, meat, cereals. Avoid fried, fatty, spicy, salty and sweet foods.
Exercise and find any opportunities for physical activity. Avoid various stressful situations or try to treat them more easily. Observe the mode of work and rest, do not overload your body.
As a drug prevention after heavy bleeding, the doctor usually prescribes a complex of remedies. It includes anti-inflammatory drugs, hemostatic drugs, vitamins, sedatives, as well as long-term hormone therapy.
Identifying the true cause of uterine bleeding, quick response and proper treatment will save you from this problem forever. Watch your body, and then your female health will respond with gratitude.