Intervertebral hernia is called the pathological changes in the structure or form of the fibrous ring of a vertebra. These changes may be with a rupture of the shell or a bulging disk. The disease is very serious, especially in the case when the nucleus is displaced, it can get into the spinal canal and traumatize the nerve.
Very often for the treatment of intervertebral hernia surgery is required, in some cases, when the patient asked for medical help on time, you can get by with other types of therapy.
Intervertebral hernia can form on any part of the spine, most often it occurs in the thoracic, cervical or lumbar regions. It is possible to recover from this disease with the help of massage, physical therapy. There are also many folk remedies, but before choosing a treatment method, careful diagnosis by an experienced doctor is necessary.
Why does intervertebral hernia occur?
The disease can occur for various reasons, the most frequent are:
- hard physical work;
- bad habits;
- sedentary work;
- not treated osteochondrosis;
- dysplasia of the hip joints in babies up to a year.
The formation of intervertebral hernia can be subsequently traumatized. It does not appear immediately, in some cases it is detected several years after receiving an injury.
Dysplasia in childhood, if it is not properly treated, carries with it many associated diseases, including pelvic distortion, and the hernia of the spine appears already in adulthood.
Osteochondrosis is a disease that occurs as a result of aging of the spinal tissues, and intervertebral discs become non-elastic, as a result - the formation of a hernia under any load.
People with bad habits, for example, smokers, disrupt the supply of blood with oxygen. As a result, all organs and tissues do not receive the substances necessary for normal functioning. The spine also suffers, so people with bad habits are susceptible to various kinds of diseases.
In the absence of physical exertion, the back muscles weaken, the entire weight rests on the spine. In addition, the metabolism slows down significantly, and it works like a piston. Low mobility affects the development of osteochondrosis, as a result of which a hernia can develop.
Symptoms of vertebral hernia
Symptoms of the disease can be different depending on the location of the hernia and its size. Very often the patient is unaware of his illness. This lasts until the neoplasm uses the nerve endings.
- In patients with a hernia that does not affect the nerve, aching back pain is possible, which is perceived as a symptom of osteochondrosis.
- In cases where a pinched nerve occurs, the patient has persistent and severe pain, as well as numbness of the extremities. Sometimes there is pain in the legs - this is a symptom of pinching the sciatic nerve. In this case, the pain is so strong that it is impossible to take a step, as the feet become very sensitive.
- In cases where an intervertebral hernia has arisen in the cervical region, numbness of the upper body occurs, and the pain is given to the thigh.
- Pain in the legs is a symptom of a hernia of the spine, often the sensations extend mainly to one of the extremities.
- Pain occurs when sneezing or coughing, even if the patient remains stationary. If the nerve is injured, a tingling sensation may occur in the limbs.
What types of hernia can be cured without surgery
With timely treatment, the intervertebral disc and its functions can be fully restored, even in cases where the hernia is bulging. With this diagnosis, surgery is not required.
When protrusion of a disc with a ruptured membrane of the nucleus, it is possible to relieve the patient of pain by using conservative treatment in 80% of cases. However, if the conservative methods in this case do not bring results, paralysis of the limbs, disruption of the functioning of the internal organs of the pelvis and the feeling of pain all the time are possible.
If the intervertebral hernia is accompanied by a complete rupture of the membrane of the nucleus, it becomes impossible to cure it without surgical intervention. With the help of surgery, you can restore the function of the vertebra, but to restore it, as before, will not work.
Conservative treatment of vertebral hernia
In the treatment of intervertebral hernia, it is important that the patient does not overload his back and is at rest. Today, in addition to surgical methods of treatment of intervertebral hernia, there are conservative ones. These include:
- drug therapy;
- spinal stretching;
- electrical stimulation of nerve endings;
- ultrasound treatment;
- bioelectronic communication method.
Treatment of vertebral hernia with drugs
For the treatment of intervertebral hernia, the following groups of drugs are used:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory painkillers
These drugs relieve pain, reduce inflammation.
These drugs are designed to relieve severe pain.
- Vitamins of group B.
This group of drugs is designed to relieve muscle spasms.
Cortisone injections: done in a pain zone. The tool relieves inflammation and relieves pain. It can be used simultaneously with corticosteroids.
Spinal stretching procedures
The patient is fixed in a special medical equipment, resembling a table, on which the distance between the vertebrae is increased, thereby reducing the pressure between the discs and the hernia stops contacting the nerve endings. Such equipment has a significant therapeutic effect on the spine.
Electrical stimulation of nerve endings
Using special equipment, an electric impulse is passed through the skin in safe doses. These impulses are able to relieve pain and stimulate nerve endings. This procedure is very effective for eliminating the pain that occurs when a spinal disc herniation.
Electrical stimulation is carried out without anesthesia, as it is not accompanied by any pain. The disadvantage of the method is that it is not effective in chronic pain syndrome.
Treatment of vertebral hernia with ultrasound
Physiotherapy procedure - ultrasound, designed to relieve inflammation and get rid of pain. High-frequency sound waves, acting on the problem area, stimulate blood circulation, restore tissue elasticity and relieve muscle spasms. As a result, the symptoms of a hernia are reduced, healing of damaged discs is accelerated.
This method of treatment can be combined with other methods. Ultrasound sessions in their effectiveness are not inferior to manual therapy, with the help of them motor functions are restored and pain disappears.
Treatment using bioelectronic communication
Using a special device, nerve impulses are read, processed and reversed to relieve pain. This method of treatment of intervertebral hernia is not surgical and painless.
By choosing this method of treatment, you can avoid taking potent painkillers, which have many side effects. In addition, using this method, you can determine the slightest changes occurring inside the vertebra.
Correction with corsets and bandages
Depending on the localization of damage to the patient, corsets and bandages are selected, which relieve the spine. A corset for the spine or bandage supports the damaged area, limits its mobility and does not allow it to affect the nerve endings.
Heat and cold
At home, you can alternately apply heat and cold to the damaged area with compresses. Heat stimulates the bloodstream, contributes to the enrichment of cells with oxygen for their recovery. With the help of a warm compress, muscles relax and relieve pain.
For a compress you can use any available tools: bottles with warm water, towels ironed by a hot iron, electric heating pads. Heat therapy is effective for relieving moderate pain.
Cold can also help relax muscle tissue. You can take ice packs and wrap them in a towel that attach to the sore spot.
The time of exposure to heat or cold should not exceed 15 minutes. Alternate compresses are effective: warm first, then cold.
Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to cure intervertebral hernia at home, but you can get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of this disease. However, before treating this disease surgically, you can try other means to alleviate the general condition and the ability to lead a normal life. Before choosing a method for treatment of intervertebral hernia, it is necessary to consult with a neurologist and orthopedist.