Cat owners are increasingly thinking about sterilizing their pet in order to maintain health. A qualified doctor will not allow postoperative complications and will devote the host to all the details of caring for animals. However, there are cases when, for certain reasons, the veterinarian did not provide the owners with basic information. Then the question of how to care for a cat after sterilization is acute.
Factors Affecting Cat Recovery After Sterilization
Sterilization is a basic operation that an experienced specialist can do. To understand how long the cat will recover, learn the basic aspects.
- The most important thing is timely referral to a specialist. If you sent the animal for sterilization in time, taking into account the recommendations of the doctor, then the pet will come to life quickly. The optimal period is the time at which the cat has not yet been estrus, pregnancy and childbirth. In this case, the tissue will recover in a short period.
- Rehabilitation depends on the age of the cat. Juveniles have good health in contrast to the elderly. In cats before the year, all metabolic processes are at the optimum level. If you feed the animal well, were vaccinated and were given vitamins, rehabilitation problems should not arise.
- Matters qualification veterinarian. For sterilization, you should contact only surgeons who have sufficient knowledge. An experienced doctor will perform the operation with a minimal tear of the tissue, and will properly stitch it. These aspects will lead to rapid healing of wounds.
- The restoration of the animal after sterilization also depends on the care that the owner himself gives the pet. If you strictly follow the recommendations of the veterinarian, timely treat the stitches, feed and water the cat, the rehabilitation time will be reduced to a minimum.
- If the cat had any health problems, complications may occur after sterilization. Increased body temperature, the consumption of stitches, other illnesses will increase the duration of recovery.
Care for the cat immediately after sterilization
- Extract. It is important to take the responsibility of caring for animals in the first hours after surgery. There are clinics that take the animal out of anesthesia, then pass it on to the owner in an awakened state. However, more and more doctors prefer to “discharge” cats from the clinic in a state of narcotic sleep. In the latter case, the surgeon must give advice regarding care.
- Warmer. Being under anesthesia, the animal's breathing will increase, but the pulse will become slower. At the same time the body temperature will fall by 2-3 degrees. In this state, the pet is susceptible to a sharp temperature drop, as well as drafts and cold. If you sent an animal for surgery in the winter or autumn, take care of an additional heating pad. On the back side, place a bottle of warm water. Throughout the transportation, make sure that the container does not move to the operating wound. Otherwise, heat will cause bleeding.
- Transportation. Take care in advance of a carrying bag with a hard bottom, with which you will transport the cat. Spread a disposable diaper into the cavity, put a soft cotton fabric (folded sheet in several layers) on top of it. Put the animal in the bag. It is important that the pet lies on the right side. Cover her with a blanket or a warm rug.
- Arriving home. After you arrive at your destination, leave the animal in the carrier (if there is enough space in the bag). In other cases, lay a disposable diaper and a warm backing (cloth) on the floor away from drafts. Do not leave the cat in places with elevated and too elastic surface (bed or sofa).
- Awakening. All along the way home, the cat was under anesthesia. Exit from a sleepy state depends on a number of aspects, such as the type and dose of anesthesia, the individual characteristics of the body, the pet's body weight, etc. If we speak on average, the cat will wake up in 2-8 hours. At this time, it is important to constantly watch the darling. After moving away from sleep, the cat will move unknowingly, jumping or running. To prevent the animal from getting injured, choose a completely safe place for the cat.
- Eye care. After surgery, the veterinarian should make clear recommendations regarding animal care. The thing is that during anesthesia the eyes of cats remain open. Some owners are scared, but have patience. To prevent the cornea from drying out, gently close the eyelids of your pet with a frequency of 1 every 30 minutes. You can make a light massage for centuries with the eyeballs or drip droplets on the cat (from drying out).
- Massage. Throughout the duration of anesthesia, the cat should not be given water or food through force. If sleep continues for too long, gently massage the legs and pads of the animal. In this way, you will speed up blood circulation throughout the pet’s body and prevent limbs from leaking.
Keeping and feeding the cat after sterilization
- When the pet moves away from the anesthesia, she will begin to move more confidently. Offer your cat to eat, provide round-the-clock access to clean water.
- As far as food is concerned, give the animal a special premium class food with the appropriate mark “for sterilized cats”. As a rule, the appetite returns to the end of the first or beginning of the day of the day following the operation.
- Some animals feel sick after the first meal. Thus, anesthesia is reflected. After 2-3 days the cat will regain appetite, digestion is normalized.
- Doctors do not always give advice to owners regarding feeding. In the early days, treat your pet with food for animals that have undergone surgery. If the cat previously ate normal food, increase the content of milk and boiled vegetables in its diet.
- Observe how often the animal defecates. If the cat has constipation (it does not go to the toilet for more than 3 days), treat your pet to 4 grams. vaseline oil. Putting an enema or feeding a cat with laxatives is impossible without the advice of a doctor. If constipation does not go away after taking the oil inside, contact your veterinarian.
- Many experienced doctors put a blanket on the cat, which prevents the animal from licking the wound. Also, the device protects the wound from dirt. After sterilization, the blanket is allowed to be removed when the wound is fully healed. Too "meticulous" cats (constantly licking themselves) need 10-12 days, all the rest - 3-9 days.
Cat after sterilization: suture care
- Keep a close eye on the postoperative suture of the animal. Ask your veterinarian how to handle the cut. As a rule, it is necessary to wash the seam with alumospray. In this case, additional drugs are not required.
- If the doctor said that the suture treatment is necessary, spend it after 2-3 days after the operation. To heal the wound, use an antiseptic. The usual "green", hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine, betadine, levomekol will do.
- In the first days after surgery, the suture may swell up slightly, turn red or become shiny, such phenomena are considered normal. Often a worm is oozing out of a wound (translucent liquid).
- The duration of suture healing depends on a number of aspects. This includes the individual structure of animal tissues, the skill of the veterinarian, postoperative care, etc. If you take the average value, the cut is delayed after 10-12 days.
- Careful attention is paid to the seam on the fifth day of treatment with antiseptic. It is important that the edges do not diverge over a distance of more than 1 mm. Also the wound should be dry, without pus and other liquid.
- Many doctors practice sterilization, in which the suture is applied with absorbable material. Such threads do not need to be removed. If you wish to conduct the removal procedure on your own, learn more about the manipulations with your doctor.
- The technique is not difficult. You need to know how many stitches have been applied. Arm yourself with tweezers and scissors, sterilize the tools. Pull the knot with a pair of tweezers, cut one thread with scissors. Gradually get rid of the remnants of the material.
Possible complications of a cat after sterilization
Sterilization is not always easy. Unfortunately, in 20% of cases, postoperative complications are observed, which have serious consequences.
You need to be alert for the following symptoms:
- Lack of appetite in a cat for 4-5 days after surgery.
- Increased body temperature (39.5 degrees) on the fifth day after sterilization.
- Apathy and drowsiness that accompany the cat in the first 5 days.
- Swollen, red, bleeding, swollen suture on the fifth day after the intervention of the surgeon.
- Unbearable pain, in which the cat "yells" constantly.
The above signs indicate that rehabilitation is not as good as it should be. Consult the surgeon who performed the surgery.
Behavior of a cat after sterilization
- Many owners of furry pets believe that after surgery, the cat will become lethargic, fat, not cheerful. However, such deep statements are extremely erroneous. Sterilization has a positive effect on animal health and sexual behavior.
- So, after 1.5-2 months, the hormonal level of the cat returns to its usual level. It is significantly stabilized by reducing hormones, which now remain at a minimum level.
- It is after this that the owner may notice the changed behavior of his furry girlfriend. The cat spends more time with households, demanding affection. She is less alone.
- Favorite will not suffer because of the constant sexual instincts. The cat is more playful and susceptible to man, trying to be close.
- If you have previously become a question regarding the sharing of the second pet, you can carry out your plan after the full rehabilitation of the first pet. The cat will be playful, friendly and caring towards the new family member.
If sterilization takes place during the cold season, take care of the blanket and the heating pad for the cat. Upon arrival home, do not place the operated pet on high surfaces, make room for it on the floor. Watch your eyes, provide round-the-clock access to water. Buy food marked "For sterilized cats", rinse the joint in a timely manner. At the slightest sign of complications, take the animal to the vet.