Plyus deer - description of where the poisonousness of the fungus grows

A mushroom called deer plumes grows in the forest. It looks ugly, like an ordinary toadstool. But only experienced mushroom pickers will tear it off and put it in a basket, knowing that at home you can enjoy the taste and get some benefit from eating the mushroom.

Description

Fungus deer mushroom comes from the family of the Pleyuev family, and has other names in it: deer mushroom, dark fibrous plumes, brown plumes. The deer is called not because the fungus is so much adored by the deer (although it is really a pleasure to eat), but because of the color it is just the color of the hair of this northern animal. And also because the hymen ends with small growths that look like deer horns.

This agaric is edible, but in some sources they are convinced that it is not necessary to eat it. At the same time, not mentioning the reason.

The fungus has a changeable appearance, there are several options.

The hat. Very large, the diameter can be quite small - 4 cm, and large - 15 cm, there are larger specimens - 25 cm. And the shape is different - it can be simply convex, in the form of a wide bell. It may be convex, but have a tubercle in the middle. And sometimes prostrate. The skin is smooth, during rain it becomes mucous. Along the surface are fibers. The color varies from grayish-chocolate to dark brown, if there is a drought - colorless. At the edges it is lighter than in the middle.

Leg. Not very thick, 1.5-2 centimeters in diameter, cylindrical in shape, the thickening goes to the base, it separates easily from the cap. Depending on the place where the grass grows, it can be slightly curved. The color is light gray, closer to white, the darkish fibers are clearly visible, you can sometimes see a pattern in the form of a net. The flesh is light white, the color does not change at the break, it is thick, rather hard, but breaks easily. The taste is pleasant enough, even something unusual.

Records. They are located loosely, often, plump, wide, in young mushrooms white-pink, in older ones - brown-pink. Spores oval, color pink, smooth.

Spread

It grows almost throughout Europe and in most of Russia. It belongs to saprophytes, therefore it grows on decaying or already dead conifers and hardwoods. For example, on a pine or on a birch tree, it can grow on oak. This mushroom can be found not only on the trunks - it gladly settles on the stumps of roes, rotten branches, it is quite capable of choosing a place for growing sawdust, an armful of deadwood, the old bark of some tree. Occurs in forests of any type, grows in urban parks, gardens, there is a clearcut. It germinates directly on the ground, if a rotting stump is located nearby - it forms a mycorrhiza with roots.

Fruits from late May to early September, in July and August - the biggest harvest. Even if there is no rain and the weather is dry, the plumes will grow well and multiply.

Benefit


Plute contains many vitamins of group B, rich in vitamins C and D, therefore it is fully capable of competing with cereals and beef liver. In these mushrooms a lot of lecithin, which allows to reduce cholesterol and improve overall health and mood.

A number of antibiotics, medical tinctures and other drugs are obtained from mushrooms. The substances that are contained in the sponge help break down fats in the body, and the fiber contained helps fight against unnecessary kilograms and has a good effect on the digestive process.

Also, mushrooms can boast a large amount of different minerals - there is iron, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, copper, iodine.

Culinary use

Due to its inconspicuous appearance of the plumes, deer is unpopular among lovers of “quiet hunting” and few know that it has a very pleasant, slightly sweet taste of ordinary new potatoes. And the pulp, subjected to heat treatment, remains intact and retains its shape. Pluty well and fry, and cook and dry. Suitable for use and raw.

Only there is one small nuance: it is best to eat young specimens, because adults (and even older ones) have an unimportant sourish-rancid taste that does not threaten health, but spoils the whole dish.

Some precautions

There is practically no harm from this fungus. He has a catchy appearance, confusing with toadstools is rather difficult. Poisonous inedible analogues are also not available. Only one danger can lie in wait for a mushroom picker - mushrooms growing along the roads and near the city accumulate harmful substances. Therefore, having come home, it is better to put the collected prey for half an hour in salted water so that the accumulated toxins come out.

Video: Pluteus deer (Pluteus cervinus)

Watch the video: Fungi: Death Becomes Them - CrashCourse Biology #39 (December 2019).