Many dream of learning a foreign language, but not everyone has the time and money to attend courses. For this reason, the question of how to begin to study is becoming topical in order to master the technique of speaking and writing at home. It is no secret that patience and perseverance are the best guidebooks, they set the tone for the whole process and do not allow you to stop there. In order to properly approach the study, you must clearly follow the recommendations. Let us analyze important aspects in order and give step-by-step instructions.
Step number 1. Set goals
First of all, you need to set a specific goal. You need to clearly understand what you need to start learning a foreign language. Perhaps you are planning to visit a certain country or start traveling around the world, going on an "exchange" tour, go on a business trip.
It is not uncommon for people to start learning of their own free will as a hobby and not because of need. It is important to identify this moment, because the person suffocates without a goal. Such a move will allow you to create a specific program of learning a foreign language, customized for specific needs. The goal is a great motivator that helps to move forward.
Additional support will serve as a daily workout. It doesn’t matter if you are tired from work or spend your nerves in traffic. Practice - the fundamental successful language learning, it is inextricably linked to a specific goal. Engage in self-discipline to develop memory every day. The ideal assistant is the diary, in which you need to make a detailed schedule of classes.
Step number 2. Love the subject of study
You can not learn a foreign language if you do not penetrate this sphere. It is important not to force yourself to work on the program, but to do it in pleasure. Try to tune in to the wave, in which the process of learning will act as a hobby, without unnecessary nerves. It is necessary to drive a thought into the head: learning a language will help to reach a new level and improve the quality of life. Such a move will not allow you to shirk from daily activities.
The right attitude involves not learning, and analysis of important aspects in order. For example, initially it is necessary to master the grammar, punctuation, style, technique of education of words and complex sentences. When the understanding of the elementary basics comes, feel free to proceed to the bison. As for the "blind memorization", without this, even a partial mastering of the language is impossible. Understanding words alone is not enough, it is important to be able to pull the right out of your head in time.
Step number 3. Dive into the field of language learning
Often you can hear the phrase "Language must be taught in the natural environment," and this expression is not accidental. If, for example, you decide to learn English, the procedure is best carried out in America. In this setting, everything improves: articulation, writing literate "conversational" sentences, the ability to memorize phrases entirely.
For the most part, people lack the ability to leave for the specific purpose of learning a language. There is only one way out - to create a natural environment for the curriculum at home. To do this correctly, you need to hang posters on the walls with inscriptions in an unfamiliar language, after memorizing you need to replace one posters with others.
Of course, to achieve the maximum result will not work, but as an additional incentive, this method should be considered. Read textbooks adapted for Russian-speaking people, watch movies in a foreign language, listen to audiobooks, chat with users of a particular country. Surround the material under study from all sides to make the adaptation easier.
Step number 4. Follow the daily plan
As in any other business, you need to proceed from the goal. Tune in to learn 25-30 foreign words every day, with at least 7-10 of them being verbs.
Teachers of foreign languages in one voice say that it is better to start learning in alphabetical order. For example, today we learned 5 words beginning with the letter “A”, tomorrow - with “B” and so on. After that, go to the second round. But, as a rule, this process is too long, so it is not necessary to make such a structured choice. You can write out the words in a random order, the main thing is to focus on verbs.
Correctly submit information help cards. On one side write the Russian word, on the other - the foreign one. View the option in your native language and try to remember the translation, then check yourself by turning the sheet. You can also download a special program on a smartphone that automatically covers a foreign translation. You must write the word yourself. This option is much better, because it develops not only memory, but also literacy.
Step number 5. Copy pronunciation
Listen to audio and video recordings in a foreign language, if possible, begin to communicate with the carrier. Pay attention to the pronunciation technique, fix the sounds in your head and try to repeat them. Over time, you will be able to catch the trend of pronunciation and realize that one sound should be sharp, the second soft. It is necessary to pay attention to even the slightest features of pronunciation, and then try to try this technique on yourself.
Such a move will help to easily enter the sphere of linguistics, as well as adapt to the articulation technique of the native and foreign languages. The indisputable benefit of this technique is the expansion of the vocabulary of words, as a result of which the correct pronunciation will be generated at an arbitrary level. Soon you will stop focusing on the sounds, it will become a kind of norm.
Step number 6. Delve into the read
When you learn a certain number of words, proceed to reading light books in a foreign language. Do not set a goal to translate the entire text. Run over it thoughtfully, try to grasp the essence of at least partially. You do not need to look for the translation of each expression in the dictionary; you will spend a lot of time and do not remember anything.
If you want to find out how the word is translated, do not use the online translator. It is better to spend time, find a picture, which will be depicted this or that object. Visualize the process.
After 2-3 such manipulations, you will be able to identify the meaning of the word from the context, this will be the starting point - a guess, but you will understand the general meaning. Besides the fact that you will develop well inductive and associative thinking, visual memory will improve, resulting in grammar and writing to master faster. It is important to understand that this technology is suitable only for people who have already learned the basics of a foreign language.
Step number 7. Use Phrasebook
In each office supply store you can purchase a phrase book in a specific language. As a rule, such literature includes not only words, but also whole sentences. It is enough to choose the simplest phrases and memorize them, gradually combining with each other and making up a dialogue. Start with the usual forms of greeting and farewell, wishes, acquaintances, standard questions, "How are you?" and responses to them.
If you are planning to visit a new country in the near future, the phrases “How to get out on the street ...” or “How much is juice?” Will not be superfluous. Adapt the knowledge gained to specific needs, choose phrases for all occasions. An interesting fact is that working with a phrasebook is a fascinating activity. You do not have time to look back, and already begin to absorb the material like a sponge.
If possible, recite phrases / words out loud so that you do not hesitate to pronounce and get used to unfamiliar speech. You should not be put into a stupor by the misuse of sounds, this is a matter of constant practice.
It is easy to learn a foreign language at home, if you have a basic knowledge about programming. First, decide on the goal, then try to create a "natural environment" in your apartment. Learn 25 words a day, focus on verbs. Start communicating with the carrier, memorize and interpret the method of pronunciation of sounds in your own way. Do not try to keep up with everything at once, act gradually, use a phrase book.