The giant red is a mid-early variety of tomatoes, which is characterized by a large size of fruits and is quite difficult to grow. The plant belongs to the indeterminate type, grows equally well both in the greenhouse and in the open field. When planting, it is important to choose the right soil, because this type of tomato is sensitive to its composition.
From the time the seedlings are planted until the tomatoes ripen, it takes about 100 days. The trunk of the plant is 1.4 to 1.8 meters in length, the fruits have a rounded shape with a slight flatness. Their weight reaches 600-650 grams, at the first harvest the weight of a tomato can reach up to 850 grams. They have a 6-chamber structure, very fleshy and juicy, after maturation get a bright scarlet shade. After harvesting, tomatoes are stored for a short time, so they are best eaten immediately or used to make canned foods.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the variety include the following qualities:
- Great taste: tomatoes are very sweet and juicy, optimally suited for raw consumption.
- Large size fruit.
- The variety has complex resistance to various diseases, therefore problems can be caused exclusively by mistakes in cultivation.
- Giant red is not afraid of dry soil and does not die with a lack of moisture.
However, the variety has drawbacks: first of all, it is a small number of fruits, as well as sensitivity to the chemical composition of the soil. If you consider all the requirements for breeding, planting will be quite prolific.
Features of growing
The optimum environment for breeding giant red is the southern region of the Russian Federation, where you can plant seedlings in open ground. If you grow a variety in central Russia, it should be done in greenhouses, and as for the northern parts of the country, then breeding is possible only in greenhouses, subject to constant heating. It is very important to ensure the correct composition of the soil, lowering the level of its acidity: a tomato will not grow on oxidized soil.
As the trunk grows, it is necessary to tie up the trunk, the branches also need support, for which special supports are installed around the bush. Without this, the branches may break under the weight of ripening fruits. Formation is carried out in 2-3 stems, in open soil, you can increase their number. At any stage of development, you can use a dressing of a universal type: it has a beneficial effect on the size of the fruits and their number, as well as the condition of the bushes themselves.
The variety is resistant to various kinds of fungi, and most of the diseases that affect it, appear due to breeding errors, improper care of plants. If tomatoes grow in the greenhouse, the room needs to be aired periodically, watering the plantings regularly and provide good lighting, without which the development process will go wrong. The soil should be neutral, it is desirable to add fertilizer immediately after planting.
As for parasites, this variety of tomato is sensitive to thrips and some species of aphids; to protect the landing from them, you can use, for example, means "Bison". In the southern regions of the country, the Colorado potato beetle often harms, and the Prestige drug can be purchased to protect against this pest. If the planting is infected with a gourd aphid or spider mite, you can also use the Zubr. If a greenhouse whitefly appeared on the leaves, the treatment is carried out using Confidor.
You can use the fruit as follows:
- In its raw form. Tomatoes are optimum for the use in food in a fresh state, they can be added to other dishes or is separately.
- Preparation of juices, pastes, mashed potatoes. Such products are distinguished by excellent qualities due to the fact that all vitamins are preserved in the composition, and the high amount of sugar provides excellent taste.
- Since the fruits are very large, it is impossible to preserve them in jars in salted form, this should be taken into account even before breeding.
Despite the fact that the size of the fruits of the giant red is very large, this variety does not have a high yield. So, if all the conditions are met, and the bushes are not infected with parasites or diseases, each one can get up to 4 kilograms of fruit. It is recommended to plant bushes in the amount of up to 3 pieces per square meter, so the total yield will be up to 12 kilograms. This figure is not a record, especially if we take into account the height of the bush. However, the variety is very popular due to the taste of the fruits themselves.