How to care for decorative rabbits

Decorative rabbits are smart and loyal. Ears can be taught to the team "Fu!" and "To me!". They do not bring slippers, but respond to their name. Quickly get used to the owner and very bored when they are alone or with strangers. Fluffy kids need love and proper care, otherwise they often get sick and die early.

Pet choice

Ornamental rabbits are bought at a pet store or from breeders. Choose a healthy animal with thick and shiny coat, clean eyes and nose. The pet must be mobile and react to sounds, touches. If the rabbit looks battered and tired, constantly sits in one corner or lies, it means that he is sick.

A new family member is immediately taken to the vet to trim the claws. The first procedure is performed by the doctor, because in the nails of the rabbit there are many blood vessels that are easily touched. A professional will show how to properly use tweezers for a manicure so as not to provoke bleeding.

The rabbit is vaccinated, the ears are cleaned and the eyes are washed. Treat pet from worms and lice. A clean and vaccinated baby is brought home, introduced to his new cage and waiting for him to adapt.

Spacious and comfortable

Rabbits need space to jump and run. In pets who live in a tight kennel and move a little, their bones become thinner, and their joints become fragile and weak. The cage should be 4-6 times bigger than a rabbit. Recommend options with a plastic pallet. Rabbits constantly get stuck in the bottom of the lattice and cling to it with claws.

If the pan is too slippery, it is covered with a rubber or fabric mat. A layer of straw or sawdust is poured on top. Rabbits do not tolerate harsh aromas, so the filler should be odorless.

In the corner of the cage, a small house is installed, because eared animals are used to sleeping in burrows. Suitable wooden version or cardboard, upholstered with a cloth. Inside put a soft rug or sawdust.

Rabbits neat. They do not defecate next to the trough or water bowl and quickly master the cat tray. The plastic pallet is installed opposite the house and the filler is regularly changed. Pet will not go to the dirty toilet.

Decorative rabbits have a sensitive and tender stomach, so food should not be thrown on the bedding. The bowl should be large and heavy, preferably ceramic. Eared pets love to make noise. They raise the dishes with their teeth, knocking plates on the floor or iron bars. The drinker is attached to the cage so that the rabbit does not overturn it. Automatic varieties that serve water in portions are recommended.

In a large apartment for an animal, a special aviary or a high-walled corral is installed so that the pet can walk and frolic. Rabbits will love the wheel for running, old rags and balls with bells.

Eared animals constantly nibble something, even if they have recently eaten, therefore the pet should have a thick cherry or pear branch. Another fruit tree will also work, as well as an acacia or maple tree. It is forbidden to give spruce or pine blanks, in which a lot of resin.

Adaptation

Rabbits are not as bold and gullible as puppies or kittens. A new family member will stay in his hole for at least 3-4 days, until he gets used to the surrounding smells and sounds. During this period, you need to treat your baby with dry food and hay or grass, regularly change the water, make sure that other pets do not come to the cage.

Eared pet can not be ironed while he eats or drinks, otherwise the pet will be greatly frightened and refuse food. The rabbit will quickly get used to the owner, if you constantly talk to him. To tell something in a quiet gentle voice.

When the animal stops being afraid and comes out of the house, they offer it a treat and give it a sniff to learn to recognize the smell of the host. Constantly repeat the nickname so that the rabbit understands his name.

At first, the child is taught to touch, and when he stops shuddering and pressing his ears from each stroke, they try to take him in his arms. You can not insist, if the pet is pulled out and resists. Rabbit bones are fragile. It is very easy to break the baby's foot or spine, if you squeeze it too much or miss it on the floor.

Walking around the apartment

Rabbit accustomed and now asking for the will? Eared pets should walk around the apartment only under the supervision of the owner. First, they hide all electrical appliances and wires, remove dangerous and toxic objects from the floor, and then release the animal from the cage.

You can not leave the rabbit alone and go to work or to the store. Kids and teens love to jump on sofas, armchairs, chairs. They can lose their balance and fall or land badly, breaking their ribs or paw.

Eared pets gnaw furniture and shoes, eat wallpaper and carpets. Pile or paper clogs the stomach of the animal, causing indigestion. You have to wash your intestines on your own or go to the vet.

Follow the rabbit if you have other animals in the house. The kids, frightened by a dog or cat, can hide under the cupboard and get stuck, hit the wall and get hurt.

Hygiene procedures

Eared pets neat, so they regularly lick and wash. They are always neat and smell good.

It is impossible to bathe rabbits. The pet's coat is covered with a protective layer of fat, which is responsible for the density and shine of the villi. If you constantly flush the sebum, the animal gets dandruff and irritation. Wool falls out, becomes dull.

Rabbits are bathed if they become very dirty after walking on the street. Pour warm water into a basin, add a little shampoo for cats or rodents. At the bottom of the tank put a towel or cloth made of cloth to make your pet comfortable.

Rinse baby 2-3 times with clean water to wash the remnants of shampoo. The rabbit is wrapped in a terry towel and waited for its skin to dry. A wet animal should not be let out into the street or into a room with open windows, because due to drafts it can catch a cold and die.

It is forbidden to dry your pet with a hairdryer. Humming appliance scares pet. He is experiencing tremendous stress, because of which he can get sick or refuse to eat. Hot air overdries the skin of the baby, so the coat becomes stiff, brittle and dull.

The eyes of the animal periodically rubbed with a cotton swab dipped in warm boiled water. Regularly inspect the auricles. If a lot of brown sulfur has accumulated inside, it is removed with gauze napkins and a weak solution of potassium permanganate or boric acid.

Long-haired Angora rabbits are trimmed to protect against heat stroke and tangles. The procedure is carried out every 2-3 months with special scissors or a machine.

Eared pets are regularly combed with a soft brush to remove excess wool. When the animal licks and eats the fallen villi, they are not digested, but remain in the stomach, turning into a lump. A rabbit does not always succeed in burping him, so you have to give the baby drugs or take him to the vet. Hairs also impair digestion, leading to the development of gastrointestinal diseases.

Ordinary short-haired rabbits are combed three times a week, and during the molt period daily.

Cell cleaning

To the apartment does not stink of rotten hay and feces, you need to regularly change the litter. If the rabbit uses a cat tray, the cage is cleaned every 2-3 days. Pet refuses to go to a special toilet? We'll have to throw sawdust daily.

The cell tray is wiped with a damp cloth and odorless detergent. Concentrated flavors irritate rabbits and impair their sense of smell. Bowls for water and dry mixes are rinsed twice a day to prevent bacteria from multiplying in the dishes.

Proper nutrition

Rabbit health depends on its diet. In winter, a pet is given hay. It improves the digestion of the animal, cleans the intestines from swallowed wool. The correct fresh hay has a light green tint and aroma of dried grass.

In spring and summer, greens are given to eared pets:

  • dandelion leaves and flowers;
  • sagebrush;
  • clover;
  • yarrow;
  • sage.

Grass is harvested in the field. You can not feed the rabbit plants that grow near the highway. Greens must be dried. If an animal eats a sprig of yarrow, on which there were droplets of dew, its stomach will inflate.

Young individuals need protein and calcium for normal development of muscles and bones. The rabbit will receive protein from groats: buckwheat, oatmeal, barley. Wheat and barley grains and fresh corn are rich in protein. A lot of calcium is contained in chalk. A piece of mineral is placed in a cage with a sprig of fruit tree so that the pet sharpens their teeth and replenishes their vitamins in the body. Give the rabbit feed or special mixtures intended for eared pets. The main thing is that they do not have dried fruits or nuts.

Adult animals are recommended vegetables and fruits:

  • Chinese cabbage;
  • carrot;
  • cored apples;
  • Jerusalem artichoke.

Occasionally they treat pets with raw potatoes. White cabbage, citrus fruits and pears to rabbits are contraindicated. You can not give the animals sweet, fresh flour products, fried or sour.
Young individuals are given more grain and hay, and juicy feed is recommended for adults. Vegetables and herbs protect pets from obesity and liver problems.

The rabbit is given some grain or apples so that the food will not lie in the plate for a long time. Eared pets need distilled water. Mineral and carbonated is prohibited.

To prevent the rabbit from scattering hay all over the cage, special hanging balls or feeders are bought for dried grass. They are plastic and iron, attached to the bars.
Tip: Fluffy pets have fast digestion. A rabbit that has recently eaten cannot be picked up, otherwise it will be necessary to wash them from the remnants of the digested apple or wheat.

Planting in the tray

The owner, who is going to release the animal from the cage, should accustom him to the cat's toilet, so as not to have to wipe the puddles and sweep away the feces.

From the cage for a while the litter is removed from the straw. In the corner put a plastic pallet, which is filled with sawdust. As soon as the rabbit wants to defecate, it is lifted by the withers and transferred to the toilet. 3-4 lessons will be enough for young animals to understand what the cat's toilet is intended for.

If the rabbit walking around the apartment, made a puddle in the middle of the room, then it is wiped. A rag soaked in urine is put in a tray and a rabbit is brought in to sniff the cloth. You can not poke the animal nose, slap or shake.

How to pick up

The baby is forbidden to grab by the ears, otherwise the animal's hearing will deteriorate. In the hanging position the rabbit is breathing heavily. The pet has a quick heartbeat, he starts to panic and escape.

A fluffy pet is lifted with both hands, palms under the chest and stomach. If the animal breaks out, it is better to lower it to the floor. You can not grab the baby by the paws, squeeze the chest.

Noisy neighbors

Rabbits, like cats, sleep during the day, and in the evening and at night they are awake, making noisy concerts. Animals knock their paws on the cage and toss the dishes, roll the balls and run in the wheel. How to calm the raging pet? Cover the cage with a thick blanket or towel, leaving a small hole for ventilation.

Additional tips

Rabbits do not tolerate heat and drafts. In the summer, in order for the animal not to get a heat stroke, you need to trim a thick fur coat and place a bottle of frozen water near the house. The cage is covered with a wet towel.

Mature males and females may require a partner for mating. During this period, pets become aggressive, throwing at people and other animals. The owner has to buy a second pet and breed decorative rabbits. But it is easier to sterilize a pet when it reaches 8-9 months.

Decorative rabbits are cute, but weak creatures. They get sick because of improper care and unbalanced nutrition. Eared pets need constant care and attention. If a person is not ready to waste time on combing wool, cutting claws and cleaning the cage, he is advised not to start a decorative rabbit.

Watch the video: How to set up your rabbits cage (December 2019).