During the entire period while a woman is preparing for the birth of a new life, many complex processes take place in her body, and in this connection, health problems can arise. Headaches torment almost every pregnant woman, and they often arise even when the expectant mother does not even know about her condition. Sharp, dull or severe pains begin suddenly or gradually, regardless of the time of day and do not stop for a long time. The reason for them is incomprehensible.
Causes of headache during pregnancy
Many benefits describe a headache as one of the signs of pregnancy and are advised not to worry about this, since this condition is associated with hormonal changes occurring in the body. However, it is not always possible to endure pain, and it is also not safe. What to do, because most drugs are prohibited for pregnant women? This issue can be resolved only after the cause of these pains has been established.
Very often, there can be several causes for the onset of pain during pregnancy, therefore, it is difficult to determine the treatment and diagnosis. If the pain continues for a long time and does not go away, you should consult a neurologist for advice. In those cases when pains threaten the correct course of pregnancy, then after their relief, correct treatment is necessary, perhaps even in the hospital.
In a woman's body, there is an increased production of pregnancy hormone, hCG, estrogen, progesterone, and he needs time to adapt. The nervous system reacts to these changes and manifests itself with headaches. In this situation, there is no need for treatment, but due to the depressed emotional state of the woman, comorbid diseases can occur or toxicosis can increase, which will affect the fetus. Therefore, neurologists prescribe appropriate drug therapy.
Low blood pressure
Due to the fact that to save pregnancy, the body begins to synthesize a large amount of progesterone, there is a decrease in pressure and expansion of the walls of blood vessels. The fact is that an overabundance of this hormone has a relaxing effect on the muscle fibers, including the walls of blood vessels. In such a situation, the brain begins to experience oxygen deficiency. Therefore, a comprehensive treatment is required.
High blood pressure
This problem occurs more often at a later date. The reason for this is an increase in the amount of blood in the body and an increase in the load on the heart and kidneys of a pregnant woman. Prevention of arterial hypertension should be carried out at the very beginning of pregnancy, especially this applies to women who have had similar symptoms previously. Headaches accompanied by high blood pressure are treated with drug therapy, but this may not always be safe. Therefore, it is worth starting preventive measures: reduce physical exertion and eliminate stressful situations.
Overweight affects the functioning of the heart and kidneys. The amount of blood in the body increases, and as a result, blood pressure rises. In this case, headaches occur.
Nutrients and oxygen are necessary for the fetus. All this he gets from his mother's blood. If a woman loses them, the body is overloaded. As a result, headaches may occur. It should be regularly and properly eat.
Heavy "precious burden" affects the spine, which is experiencing overload. As a result, some diseases, a symptom of which is a headache, may be complicated.
Due to a decrease in immunity, pregnant women are subject to new diseases, for example, of an infectious nature:
All of them are accompanied by a headache, which can be eliminated only after treatment of the cause of its occurrence.
A pregnant woman aggravates all emotions and feelings: fear, anxiety, aggression. In other words, she "makes an elephant out of a fly". Thinking about some "serious" problem and worrying about it, the pregnant woman brings herself to a stressful state. Such a nervous strain leads to headaches. In this situation, sedatives will help.
This disease, in which there is a violation of the work of some organs and systems, is a complication of pregnancy. This condition is very dangerous not only for a woman, but also for a baby. Particular changes undergo this pathology of the circulatory system and kidneys. The disease is accompanied by:
- severe and frequent headaches;
- increased pressure;
- increased hemoglobin;
- calcium deficiency;
- visual impairment;
- loss of consciousness;
- the appearance of protein in the urine.
This condition requires immediate hospitalization.
How to get rid of a headache during pregnancy
A pregnant woman cannot decide for herself how to treat a headache. First of all, she should consult with her doctor and neurologist. Many drugs can not be taken - it can cause pathological changes in the fetus in the first months of its formation or cause premature birth in the second half of pregnancy.
For the treatment of headache in pregnant women used:
- drug therapy;
A doctor should be consulted immediately if:
- the headache does not pass for a long time and its character has changed;
- discomfort begins in the morning;
- localization of pain does not change;
- increased blood pressure;
- Concomitant symptoms appeared: impaired motor activity, deterioration of vision, hearing, some sounds are poorly pronounced.
In some cases, the doctor prescribes Panadol for newborns, Efferalgan, as an analgesic. These remedies do not cause dependence and can be used to relieve pain under reduced pressure. If headaches are associated with impaired circulation, prescribe Actovigin.
With elevated blood pressure, complex treatment is prescribed, which includes drugs that relieve pain, cramps and normalize blood pressure.
Natural medicines can only be recommended by a homeopathic doctor, as during pregnancy, and they can adversely affect the general condition of the mother and fetus.
You can take herbal teas from mint, chamomile, wild rose. They not only relieve cramps, but also have a sedative effect.
Essential oils relieve spasms, soothe, invigorate, charge with positive emotions, stimulate immunity, fight viruses. In order to treat a headache with the help of aromatherapy, a pregnant woman will also need to consult a gynecologist.
For aromatherapy, you can take oils:
With the addition of essential oils make compresses, rubbed whiskey. The most effective way is inhalation. For this, an aroma lamp is necessary, a few drops of oil are added to it and heated. Essential oil evaporates and unobtrusive persistent odor appears in the air.
Before you make a compress, you must ensure that there is no allergy to the selected essential oil. To do this, drop the tool on the wrist and wait. If the skin does not react to the oil in any way, then there is no allergy; you should not make a compress when irritation or redness appears.
Massage and acupuncture
Massage or acupuncture to get rid of a headache is carried out by a specialist. When exposed to certain points, spasms are removed, muscle relaxation occurs, and pain subsides.
If the pain is associated with impaired blood circulation in the cervical spine - a massage of the head, neck, shoulder and dorsal muscles is the best way to get rid of it. This will help relieve tension, eliminate congestion, improve blood circulation.
Prevention of headache during pregnancy
- It is necessary to drink a sufficient amount of fluid, to prevent dehydration. Even if a pregnant woman suffers from constant swelling, in no case can not refuse water.
- A cool shower shortly before bedtime helps relieve stress. Cool water stimulates blood circulation - this is a good way to get rid of a headache with increased pressure. Sometimes you can wash with cold water or wipe your temples with a wet towel - this will refresh and relieve stress.
- A good night’s sleep is required. If the organism of the future mother does not receive a proper rest, neuroses will arise, the immunity will weaken.
- It is necessary to refuse coffee, caffeine badly affects a nervous system of the pregnant woman.
To exclude from the diet foods that can provoke the occurrence of headaches:
- milk and sour milk;
- some types of cheeses;
- sweets with flavoring;
Meals should be regular to avoid lowering hemoglobin and blood sugar levels.
If the pain started suddenly, do not panic, you should try to relax. Good mood, lack of stress and compliance with the recommendations of the doctor - the best remedies for headaches for pregnant women.