The Manhaguan tsehlazoma is a fish, the second name of which is the cichlid jaguar. This is a fairly large and predatory representative of the cichlid family. Such fish are remembered for their bright color. However, such a bright color appears in the representatives of the family not immediately, but only after reaching the age of puberty. In young individuals, only poorly visible stripes of black color can be found on the body, but in adult fish spots are already visible, due to which the representatives of this family are called jaguars.
In nature, the Managuan tsikhlazomy reach a fairly large size. There are individuals having a length of up to 60 centimeters, and a weight of several kilograms. However, in the aquarium such large individuals, as a rule, do not grow and reach a maximum of 40 centimeters in length. Such large sizes and natural aggressiveness give reason to keep these fish apart in the aquarium, which will resemble the reservoirs of Central America in their arrangement. It is necessary to avoid sharing of tsihlaz with other types of fish, smaller in size and less aggressive.
Life in nature
The appearance and behavior of the Managuana cichlasoma were first described by Günther in 1867. The habitat of these fish is mainly Central America. You can find them by the Ulua River in Honduras to the area of the Matina River in Costa Rica. At home habitat jaguar is a commercial fish, as it grows very decent size.
Under natural conditions, the Managuana cichlasome can exist both in lakes with soft soil and dense vegetation, and in fairly fast rivers and their tributaries. Most of all cichlid jaguar likes to dwell in warm water, which does not contain so many oxygen molecules.
Description of the species
The Managuan cichlasoma has a predator's body - elongated, slightly oval and compressed at the sides. Such a body is designed for quick and rapid throws. In aquarium conditions, the cychlasmic individual reaches a maximum of 40 centimeters. Females are even smaller in size, as a rule, they grow up to a length of no more than 35 centimeters in an aquarium. However, even such sizes already make cichlids the largest in the family among fish that are grown in an aquarium with amateurs. Managuan cichlasomes can live up to 15 years in an aquarium with all the necessary conditions for their comfortable stay there.
The peculiarity of this species is that throughout their life such tsikhlazomy change their color. Juveniles, and both females and males have a rather pale color, including dark stripes, which occupy half of the body. In the future, as they mature, the males show dark spots. In females, only a few spots are found, which are usually concentrated in the middle of the body, right behind the gill cover. At puberty, the color becomes more like the color of the jaguar. It is a black and white spots, sometimes found with a blue tint.
Since the Managuan tsikhlazomy are predators, they have pharyngeal teeth, which they use for hunting. In order to defend against other predators, fish use special sharp rays on the fins.
What difficulties are found in the maintenance of managuan tsihlazom?
In general, it is quite simple to care for the Managuan cichlasomes. Perhaps the only difficulty is a large aquarium and the need for very powerful filters. Such requirements are explained by the impressive size of individuals of this species. Such fish is not suitable for a novice breeder of aquarium pets, since the representatives of tsikhlaz - large, aggressive and predatory.
How to feed the Managuana Cichlase?
Feeding of Managuans tsihlaz in principle is not particularly different, their diet is standard for predatory fish. In nature, such individuals feed on invertebrates and small fish. Fish in the aquarium can be fed with all kinds of live food, namely: tadpoles, small fish, earthworms and crickets.
In general, representatives of this family prefer to eat live food, however, they do not refuse from frozen fish fillet, shrimp meat, krill and similar food. To feed the fish you need daily, just one meal. Once a week you can take a break.
Many experts do not recommend often feed the fish meat. The fact is that, for example, the beef heart contains a large amount of protein and fat. These ingredients are very difficult to digest in the stomach of the Managuan cichlase. However, this does not mean that they cannot be used at all. Such feeds can be added about once a week to the diet, but do not overdo it and give a lot of meat.
How to keep in an aquarium?
A very large aquarium is required for the maintenance of the Managuan Cichlase, the volume will fit at least liters. Since these fish are very aggressive, they need their own territory, which other individuals will not penetrate. Only in this way can you avoid fights and clashes. Decorative items and gravel should also be quite large. Plants as decoration are not recommended, as these healthy people will instantly tear them out with their roots and eventually destroy them.
Under natural conditions, tsikhlazomy this species live in muddy water, therefore, in order to bring the aquarium closer to natural conditions, you can add dry leaves to the water, oak or almond leaves will do.
It is very important that there is always clean water in the aquarium, however, it is quite difficult to achieve this, as the individuals leave a considerable amount of waste in the process of their vital activity. To clear water from them you need to use very powerful filters, as well as regularly change the water.
Although tsikhlazomy and can live in completely different conditions, the best for them are the temperature from 24 to 28 degrees, and ph from 7 to 8.7. Experts have noticed that the higher the temperature of the water in the aquarium, the more aggressive pets become. For this reason, it is best to keep the water temperature at the bottom, that is, 24 degrees.
Neighborhood with other individuals
A Managuan chichlasoma is a fish that is definitely not suitable for living in a common aquarium. These individuals are territorial and aggressive, and during the spawning period they become even more aggressive and conflict. You can keep them together with other cichlids from Central America of about the same size, or with large catfish.
If you plan to engage in breeding mtsihlazom, you should not put them in a single aquarium catfish type of plexostomy. At night, these individuals eat the spawn of Managuans. In general, for more efficient and comfortable breeding, it is better to place them while they are spawning in a separate aquarium, where there are no other individuals.
In one aquarium, you can keep a pair of individuals of the species of the Managuan cichlosis. So that the pets do not behave aggressively towards each other, they must be raised together from a very early age.