This guest from Africa just recently started his triumphal procession on the windowsills of our country. The owners of zamiokulkas often confuse it with an ordinary houseplant, not realizing that a succulent can be just that - with juicy green leaves, without prickles and dull bloom.
This is the most common mistake of almost all florists. They care for him as if they were used to the usual pot flowers, not knowing that care should be almost like a cactus.
And then it begins in a conversation with like-minded people: “I’m not going to know why the leaves of the zamiokulkas turn yellow. What to do?”
Today we will tell the causes of the problem and the methods of their elimination
This is the most common cause of yellowing of zamiokulkas leaves. If the plant is received as a gift or purchased with a closed root system, then very few people realize that there is a tuber in the soil. It was he who accumulates water, gradually giving it leaves in dry times.
What happens usually? The owners see the dried earth in a pot, they rush to add water. The tuber sucks in the liquid, the soil dries again. Flower growers again moisten the soil. Tuber absorbs it into itself. And the leaves do not have time to spend. By the way, Zamiokulkas has no branches and a stem. What novices take for shoots is thick, complex leaves. But we will not go into the wilds of biology, we will continue our topic.
If we continue caring for a guest from Africa at a similar pace, then at one far from perfect moment the tuber begins to rot from an overabundance of moisture. Zamioculcas directs all the power and nutrition to restore the root system, taking them from the leaves. Hence the yellowing.
Signs. The leaf lobes pale and turn yellow on the whole plant. On the petioles appear dark wet spots.
What to do. Pull the plant out of the pot and carefully examine the tuber. All rotting places, as well as soft, with an unpleasant smell, must be cut with a sharp knife or blade. Wounds should be powdered with crushed activated charcoal or cauterized with the usual medical green paint. Then they are slightly dried in the air, and the Zamiokulkas are planted in a new soil. Yellowed leaves do not touch, they will serve the plant for good.
In the future, to prevent this problem, you need to properly water your pet. Another watering is arranged when the soil in the pot is completely dry, plus another 3 days. And do not forget about quality drainage. Zamioculcas absolutely does not tolerate swimming in a swamp out of water and land.
Or every day they pour a little water at all if the room is too hot and the air is too dry. It is better to spray the plant more often at night. It will be a complete imitation of natural conditions. How would the dew fall when the difference between day and night temperatures.
Council How to determine that it is time to water Zamiokulkas? Wooden stick. Stick it to the bottom of the pot. After 12-14 minutes, they pull out, look at the level of humidity and render a verdict - it will be a watering place or still early.
Zamioculcas is so attractive in appearance that many try to get it for themselves. At the same time almost no one knows one interesting feature of this plant. On one handle can be at the same time no more than 17 plates. Therefore, as the young leaf lobes grow, the old ones gradually turn yellow and die off.
Naturally, over time, zamiokulkas loses its beauty a little. The lower parts of the petioles are laid bare, and at the top there is a neat fan of sheet plates. But do not wrestle with the loss of decorativeness, because this comrade is growing very slowly.
Signs. Yellow one, two lower plates of the sheet. New shoots appear.
What to do. Nothing. Buy yourself a present for competently caring for your pet. He grows and develops according to the norm, does not express his discontent? So you are doing everything right.
Another reason for yellowing leaves of zamiokulkas. Arises from excessive awareness and blind adherence to stereotypes. The owners are well aware that they have growing succulent. And completely cease to take care of regular watering. The guest from Africa realizes that difficult times have come and it is time to activate the water-saving system. That is, dumps the entire aboveground part. Maybe it will grow back when the rainy season comes.
Florists panic and frantically search for the cause of what is happening. Just do not go far. If zamiokulkas can calmly tolerate dry conditions, it does not mean that it can do without water at all.
Signs. Leaf plates turn sharply yellow on the entire plant. Then rapidly dry out and die.
What to do. Immediately cast your pet! True, you should not immediately settle it in a swamp fluid. For a start, just lightly moisten the soil. After a few hours, the procedure is repeated. During this time, thin feeding roots will come to life and begin to work actively.
So repeat 3 times, then wait for the soil to dry. Then begin to water Zamiokulkas in the mode described above. If you immediately pour a large amount of water into the pot after a long drying time, the tuber may simply not cope with this amount of moisture at the same time. The probability of the beginning of putrefactive processes.
Council Do not discard Zamiokulkas tuber after the death of the aerial part. The plant is still quite possible to revive competent watering and proper care.
In our climate, there are almost no insects that are interested in a thick wax coating on the leaves of the zamiokulkas. But, there are such comrades who are absolutely unintelligible in food. Do not feed them with bread, let them suck the juice from any green appendix. It is aphid, spider mite and scab. They do not care where the plant. Settled at an astronomical speed.
Signs. Yellow dots appear on the leaves, which then grow into spots. Sometimes it may seem holes and cobwebs on the underside of the plate. In the same place most often there is the greatest congestion of uninvited guests.
What to do. Since the zamiokulkas do not have a cannon on the leaves, it is possible to cope with the invasion of pests very simply. You will need:
- laundry soap
- soft cloth
- clean warm water
- thick film or kitchen foil
The list is small, there is in every home. And it works 100% against most pests.
- Soil in a pot covered with foil or polyethylene.
- The cloth is washed and thoroughly washed from the leaf plates of all insects.
- After washed zamiokulkas pure water.
As you can see, everything is very simple and fast. But the leaves will stop turning yellow and die. For those who do not want to mess with soaping, we recommend using any systemic insecticide. Of course, only strictly according to the instructions and recommendations of the manufacturer on the package.
Here we deliberately do not give the exact dosage or multiplicity of treatments, because they are different for each drug.
Sunburn or frostbite
Despite the fact that the zamiokulkas hails from the arid regions of the black continent, it is difficult for it to tolerate prolonged exposure to direct sunlight. The plant will certainly need to pritenyat, otherwise there will be problems.
Signs. On the leaf plates appear yellow ragged spots of irregular shape, which then grow.
What to do. Immediately rearrange the zamiokulkas pot to a more suitable place. Or pritenit it from direct sunlight white paper, thin curtain. The plates themselves do not break, but are sprayed with a solution of any adaptogen. This may be epin, aloe juice, zircon. This procedure will help the plant to recover faster.
Frostbite of healthy tissue has a similar sign. This happens with the owners who like to air southern plants in the winter with an open window.
Pet rescue measures are absolutely identical to the previous ones. Leaves do not touch, the plant is sprayed and no longer thrust under the draft of the window leaves.
When treating tuber slices with charcoal, add a little dry rooting stimulator to the powder. This will help the zamiokulkasu to quickly grow young roots instead of rotten.
Slow yellowing, and then completely discoloration of all leaf lobes suggests that your pet is sorely lacking light. Or elementary food. Try to eliminate these two factors, perhaps the problem will be solved by small forces. First, provide the plant with a sufficient amount of bright diffused light, and then feed it with a weak solution of any mineral complex fertilizer. If the pigmentation of the leaves begins to recover, then you have done everything correctly. If the plates continue to slowly turn yellow further, then look for the problem in other causes.
It happens that the owners of zamiokulkas are ardent opponents of the use of chemistry for their home flowers, and are categorically against mineral fertilizers. And what prevents the use of organic in reasonable doses? Most of the plants respond to the liquid green dressing or mullein solution. Just do not overdo it. An excess of nitrogen causes a yellow border to appear on the leaf lobes, which becomes watery and friable.
Nowhere to take organic? Well, what are you a florist? Think plants can survive only on your tap water? Immediately distribute pots of sad pets in good hands and never again potted flowers.
Now you know why the leaves of the zamiokulkas turn yellow. What to do? - we told you. It only remains to keep the guest from arid areas in competent Spartan conditions. And you will have joy with a beautiful plant.