Women are afraid of menopause, because he foreshadows old age. Representatives of the weaker sex most afraid of wrinkles and reduced libido. You can remain young, radiant and sexually active in the postmenopausal period. How? With the help of drugs that normalize the level of estrogen and progesterone. The main thing is to notice in time the first signs of the extinction of reproductive function and seek advice from a gynecologist.
Why is menopause coming? In 40-45 years, the stock of eggs is depleted. The female body decides that it is necessary to stop the work of the ovaries, because they cease to perform their main task. Why waste resources on a useless body? But the extinction occurs gradually, so that drastic hormonal changes do not become a strong stress for the body.
The ovaries are responsible for the production of estrogen, androgen and progesterone. They regulate ovulation and the menstrual cycle. Premenopause is the first stage of menopause, which is characterized by a decrease in the level of female hormones. When the concentration of estrogen decreases, the monthly become irregular.
Patients of mature age turn to a gynecologist with two common complaints: vaginal dryness and menstrual failures. After a detailed examination, it turns out that the first stage of menopause has begun. Of course, sometimes similar symptoms may indicate fibroids or cervical cancer. But in 90 cases out of 100 it is the hormonal changes and the extinction of the reproductive system that are to blame.
During the period of premenopause, the duration of breaks between periods is from 40 to 90 days. Gradually, the pause increases, and after a few months or years the periods disappear. About menopause say, if there is no discharge more than a year.
The second sign of menopause is strange bleeding. Abundant secretions alternate with scant smear and vice versa. But gradually the amount of menstrual blood decreases. If earlier a woman bought pads every month, then during the premenopause one pack is enough for her for several times.
The third symptom is the inability to conceive. Patients who are 40-50 years old are not afraid of the extinction of the reproductive system. By this age, most women have time to give birth to at least 1 child. But the climax is early. Ovaries cease to function in 30-35 years. The most common causes are:
- removal of the uterus and appendages due to malignant tumors;
- hormone therapy;
- uncontrolled intake of oral contraceptives;
Women who have stopped ovulation and estrogen production may be prescribed medication. And if the drugs are not able to restore the function of the ovaries, patients dreaming about the child are offered artificial methods of conception.
Dryness and decreased libido
About the onset of menopause and warns the lack of sexual desire for the opposite sex. When a woman loses her ability to reproduce, her libido decreases. The body does not see the point in making love. In the female body changes occur.
First, the vagina stops producing lubricant during arousal. Its walls become thinner and lose elasticity. Sexual intercourse does not bring pleasure, but discomfort and severe pain.
Secondly, the patients simply are not interested in sex. They no longer see men as a potential sexual partner due to lower estrogen levels. Women are less likely to make love and masturbation. Although some representatives of the weaker sex in the period of premenopause, libido, on the contrary, increases. They become more active and often experience orgasms.
What determines the sexual function of women? Libido is influenced by heredity, the presence or absence of stressful situations, nutrition and exercise. Patients who play sports, watch the diet and devote a lot of time to taking care of themselves, retain the desire to make love even after the extinction of the ovaries.
Among the early symptoms of menopause emit not only a decrease in libido, but also the exacerbation of gynecological diseases. When the amount of mucus produced by the vagina is reduced, local immunity suffers. The female body becomes more difficult to resist microbes and fungal infections, so patients often complain of thrush, cystitis, vaginitis and inflammatory processes.
Dryness and other signs of menopause are removed by plant-based hormonal drugs. They replace the estrogen produced by the body. Libido returns and immunity of the uterus and appendages increases. In some cases, women are prescribed suppositories and are advised to avoid stressful situations, as well as drink plenty of fluids to improve blood circulation in the pelvic organs.
Extinction of the ovaries leads to disruption of the nervous system. Suffering heart, there are problems with pressure. Sleep worsens, because a woman tosses for a long time in bed because of anxiety. She is pursued by obsessive thoughts and a feeling that something bad is about to happen. Sometimes symptoms are complemented by tachycardia or a heart rhythm disorder. It is difficult for the patient to calm down, convince herself that these are just games of the nervous system, and relax.
At night, there is also a chill, which arises due to pressure drops. A woman wakes up from a strong feeling of cold. Even warm pajamas, wool socks and several blankets do not save. But the chill goes as fast as it begins.
The mood during the premenopausal period is unstable. Increased irritability, tearfulness and forgetfulness. Patients complain of poor memory and confusion. They can laugh for no reason, and in a minute they will scold a colleague or a subordinate for the dirty cup left on the table.
Insomnia leads to a constant feeling of tiredness. Women barely get out of bed. They find it difficult to concentrate because of sleepiness and lack of energy. And some are hampered by a lump in the throat, which makes breathing and swallowing difficult.
Anxiety is complemented by frequent headaches. With a lack of hormones, the muscles of the face, shoulders and neck are constantly tense. Nerve endings are clamped, due to which blood circulation in the head deteriorates, and the brain lacks oxygen and nutrients.
Changes in the female body lead to the appearance of depressive thoughts. Representatives of the weaker sex are worried about skin fading, insomnia, lack of menstruation and constant fatigue. They are afraid of old age and wrinkles. Some patients try to reduce communication with friends and isolate themselves from the outside world, embarrassing their own body.
Heat and urination problems
When the ovaries stop producing estrogens, the skin and soft tissues lose their elasticity. The first deep wrinkles are formed, the condition of the nail plates worsens. More hair falls out. Dry mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth.
But one of the main problems is the relaxation of the walls of the bladder. Many women with menopause urinary incontinence. Some patients cope with the problem with the help of conventional sanitary pads, while others have to buy special urological options and give up sports loads, active games and sex.
Premenopause is also often accompanied by tides. They occur during the day and at night. Attacks last from a few seconds to half an hour. They can not be warned or predict. A woman feels blood rushing to her face, neck and décolleté. It becomes hot and stuffy, heartbeat increases. Sometimes there is a pulsation in the temples or ears. Breathing is impaired, the skin is covered with perspiration and red spots. Tides are accompanied by intense perspiration. Sometimes, after an attack, you have to change your blouse or shirt, soaked through and through.
Hands and feet may become numb, tingling in the fingers. Dizzy and impaired vision, and some patients lose consciousness during hot flashes. Panic attacks are sometimes added to the symptoms listed. At such moments, a woman needs to go out or stand by the open window, drink some cool water and try to calm down.
With a climax faces every woman of the weaker sex. In some, premenopause occurs earlier, and others later. The main thing is not to despair, monitor the health of the reproductive system and regularly visit the gynecologist. And also go in for sports, follow the diet and lead an active lifestyle. After all, women who move a lot and communicate with friends, more easily tolerate menopause and get used to their new state.